nawyveti biologiis doqtor, nodar mindiaSvilis wignidan
“organuli soflis meurneoba”

 

 

Teslbrunvebi


 

erTi saxeobis mcenareTa zrda bunebriv pirobebSi xdeba mxolod im adgilebSi, romlebisTvisac damaxasiaTebelia niadagisa Tu havis esa Tu is pirobebi. magram es mdgomareobebi Cveulebriv droebiTia. agrocenozebSi situacia sxvagvaria, niadagi yovelwliurad “ewireba” sufTa naTesebs. niadagis Tvisebebis mixedviT (daCrdilva, sarevelebis gamoCenis albaToba, niadagis struqturis specifika, moTxovnileba wyalze, mcenareuli narCenebis raodenoba da Tvisebebi) icvleba misi xarisxic. erTsa da imave mindorze mudmivad rom moiyvanon erTi da igive kultura, es gamoiwvevda uaryofiTi Tvisebebis dagrovebas. am naklovanebebis aRmosafxvrelad iyeneben kulturaTa monacvleobas _ Rrmad da zedapirulad dafesvianebuli, niadagis damfaravi da aradamfaravi, tenisadmi momTxovni da aramomTxovni, sarevelebisadmi, parazitebisa da daavadebebisadmi sxvadasxva gamZleobis mqone da a.S.

Teslbrunvebi organul miwaTmoqmedebaSi unda uzrunvelyofdes niadagis teqnologiuri mdgomareobisa da nayofierebis racionalur gamoyenebas. TeslbrunvebSi msubuq niadagebze unda metad Semcirdes niadagis tenis gamoyeneba. raTa Tavidan aviciloT niadagis damuSaveba zafxulis gvalvis dros, rodesac masSi tenis maragi minimaluria da amitom misi xarisxiani damuSaveba, rogorc wesi, ver xerxdeba, mZime niadagebze TeslbrunvaSi mizanSewonilia CairTos xangrZlivi vegetaciuri periodis mqone kulturebi. niadagis struqturuli mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad kulturaTa monacvleoba TeslbrunvaSi unda daigegmos. monokultura, rogorc wesi, iwvevs niadagis mdgomareobis gauaresebas, mis “daRlas”, rac xSirad Tavs iCens Warxlis, simindis, xorblis da a.S. moyvanisas. saWiroa erTmaneTSi SeuTavsebeli kulturebis monacvleoba, raTa Tavi ar iCinos niadagis daRlilobam.

Teslbrunvis sworad SemuSavebulma sqemam wina kulturis aRebis Semdeg da momdevno kulturis daTesvis win uzrunvelyofs aucilebel pauzas niadagis mosamzadeblad. es metad vlindeba qviSian niadagebze, rodesac humusiT gamdidrebis Semdeg anda dagegmili antieroziuli RonisZiebebis gaTvaliswinebiT maTze unda moviyvanoT kulturebi, romlebic niadagis zedapirs faravs weliwadis umetes xans. moyvanili mcenareebiT saxnavi Sris zedapiris daCrdilva miT ukeTesia, rac ufro xSiria mcenareebi da metia foTlebis zedapiri. es damokidebulia kulturis saxeobaze, vegetaciuri periodis xangrZlivobaze da sezonze, romlis drosac niadagi daCrdilulia (gazafxulis, zafxulis, Semodgomis). niadagisaTvis gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania, Tu is daCrdiluli ar aris zafxulis sezonis dasawyisisaTvis.

kulturebis monacvleoba unda xdebodes ise, rom:

· niadagis mdgomareoba, romelsac tovebs Tavis Semdeg wina kultura, rac SeiZleba ukeT pasuxobdes Semdegi kulturis moTxovnilebebs;

· mcenareebs SeeZloT rac SeiZleba kargad gamoiyenon niadagis sakveb nivTierebaTa maragebi;

· gaTvaliswinebuli iyos calkeuli kulturebis moTxovnebi tenis mimarT, imavdroulad saWiroa wylis maragis ekonomiuri xarjva;

· mTlianobaSi racionalurad gamoyenebuli iyos niadagis profili da mcenareebisaTvis xelmisawvdomi iyos kvebis elementebi da teni niadagis qveda Sreebidan;

· ar xdebodes SeuTavsebeli kulturebis moyvana erTi meores Semdeg anda mokle Sualedis Semdeg;

· maTi sasicocxlo ciklebi da maTi moyvana zRudavdes sarevelebis, daavadebebisa da mavneblebis ganviTarebas;

· erTi kulturis mosavlis aRebasa da Semdegi kulturis Tesvas Soris darCes sakmao dro niadagis momzadebisa da bunebrivi regeneraciisaTvis.

 

სტატიის ავტორი a, 2019-12-27