nawyveti biologiis doqtor, nodar mindiaSvilis wignidan  
“organuli soflis meurneoba”

 

 

 

mcenareTa dacva 1
 

ekologiuri mebostneobis farglebSi metad SezRudulia mcenareTa uSualo dacvis SesaZleblobebi. amitom mniSvnelovania yvela profilaqtikuri RonisZieba, romelTa meSveobiTac mohyavT jansaRi, gamZle mcenareebi.

 

12.5.1. mavneblebi

zrunva agrosistemaze

inseqticidebis, akaricidebisa da sxva nivTierebaTa gamoyenebis akrZalva iwvevs mravalferovnebis gazrdasa da cxovel organizmTa iseTi saxeobebis populaciur najerobas, romlebic exmarebian ekosistemaSi ekologiuri wonasworobis SenarCunebas da xels uSlian mavnebelTa zedmet gamravlebas. maT ganekuTvneba mtacebeli tkipebi, obobebi, mtacebeli baRlinjoebi, yurbelebi, bzualebi, stafilinidebi, Wiamaiebi, oqrosTvalebi, paraziti krazanebi, agreTve zRarbebi, mgalobeli frinvelebi da a.S. yvela es cxoveli saWiroebs sakvebis wyaroebs. zogierTi maTganisTvis aucilebelia yvavilebis mtveri da neqtari, amitom ar unda dagvaviwydes moyvavile mcenareebi. garda amisa, maT sWirdebaT TavSesafari (zogierTi aqtiuria mxolod RamiT, dRisiT ki imaleba) anda gadazamTrebis adgili, agreTve pirobebi gamravlebisaTvis.

badeebi da teqstili

uqsovi teqstili da badeebi mwerebis winaaRmdeg gvexmareba pirvel rigSi mavneblebisagan kombostosebri kulturebis dacvisas. badeebi xels uSlis mfrinavi mwerebis (TeTrulebi, puris buzi, kombostos buzi da a.S.) miRwevas mcenareebTan, garda amisa, teqstili aumjobesebs mikroklimats (amcirebs haeris momatebul tenianobas), anu efeqtianad uSlis xels rwyilebis gamravlebas.

uSualo dacva

gamosayeneblad daSvebuli inseqticiduri saSualebebidan unda vaxsenoT azadiraxtini, Jelatini, bunebrivi pireTrumebi, kvazini da rotenoni. biologiur meTodebs Soris arsebobs bioagentTa (mtaceblebisa da parazitebis) sakmaod farTo asortimenti sasaTbure kulturebisaTvis. savele pirobebSi Cveulebriv gamoiyeneba preparatebi mikroorganizmis Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki safuZvelze peplebis muxluxoebis winaaRmdeg, Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. tenebrionis safuZvelze kolorados xoWos winaaRmdeg. preparatebi zeTebis safuZvelze gamoiyeneba bugrebis, frTaTeTras, crufarianebis, trifsebis, ablabuda tkipebisa da sxvebis winaaRmdeg.

 

12.5.2. sokovani daavadebebi

organul miwaTmoqmedebaSi nebadarTuli ar aris sinTetikuri fungicidebis gamoyeneba, amitom pirvelxarisxovan mniSvnelobas iZens profilaqtika: virCevT gazrdil mwkrivTaSoris manZilebs, Tavs varidebT daxuruli adgilmdebareobisa da momatebuli tenianobis mqone nakveTebs (magaliTad, pomidvrisTvis, kitrisTvis da a.S.), virCevT gamZle jiSebs. profilaqtikur dacvas niadagis daavadebebis winaaRmdeg warmoadgens zrunva niadagis nayofierebaze, Teslbrunvis sqemis dacva, kveba adgilobrivi da mwvane sasuqebiT da a.S.

biobostneulis moyvanisas mcire farTobze SeiZleba gamoviyenoT bunebrivi saSualebebi (kerZod, xaxvis an nivris ganzavebuli “xaSi”, xaxvis an nivris koncentrirebuli eqstraqti, mindvris Svitas ganzavebuli naxarSi, kompostis eqstraqti da a.S.).

 

სტატიის ავტორი a, 2019-12-27